Composition and Lighting
Part of this Programme
Level of Qualification|Semesters|ECTS
Bachelor | Semestral | 6
Year | Type of course unit | Language
1 |Mandatory |Português
Total of Working Hours | Duration of Contact (hours)
150 | 60
Recommended complementary curricular units
Prerequisites and co-requisites
Composition-Photographic Composition: Nature of Photographs (Stephen Shore's The Nature of Photographs). Physical level, figurative level, mental level, mental modeling. - Photographic Composition and Influence of Painting - The Pictorial Effect in Photography by Henry Peach Robinson. -Perception. The eye and the vision. Visual Field: Field structure, computer layout, center and periphery, visual mapping. - Structural elements of visual language: point, line, shape, texture and color. The plan and the volume. Point of view and scale. Lighting-Photographic camera and its components. -Light, color formation, photographic sensitivity (ISO), direct and reflected light, color temperature, light-capture ratio. -Lighting studio. Electronic (flash) and continuous illumination. Safety rules and handling care -Different qualities of light and handling in the studio. -Development of studio lighting technique. -Continuous practice.
Start familiarizing yourself with the studio environment and all its components, creating work methods both individually and in groups, with the aim of better understanding artificial lighting. Develop the ability to observe and identify the photographic variables necessary to carry out a photograph, promoting the preview and the preparation and production capabilities of a given photograph. Understand and apply basic principles of composition, namely the adaptation of focal lengths of objectives to precise objectives, the visualization of objects and people, analyzing the images in function of their effect on the observer. Understand photographic composition as an operation on a two-dimensional plane (with a suggestion of three-dimensionality) and learn to work with the structural elements of visual language.
Knowledge, abilities and skills to be acquired
Understanding the language of photographic composition and the visual components that make sense in a plane. Ability to work with this language in creating images. Capacity of theoretical analysis of an image in its light characteristics, identifying the type of light and other accessories used. Knowledge of various types of light modellers, as well as studio electronic lighting (Flash). Ability to work in studio, group and sharing skills, handling light modellers, tripods, giraffes, generator blocks, photometers, and other studio work accessories. Photometry and image capture in digital format.
Teaching methodologies and assessment
Theoretical-practical classes, where students are familiar with the concepts of composition and lighting. Practical classes where students will have the opportunity to work with Studio Flash, light modellers, meters and light analyzers, performing practical exercises of increasing difficulty with accompaniment. Continuous assessment, individual, accomplished through the execution of practical exercises and a final work in digital format. EVALUATION Composition: Exercise 01 - 10%; Exercise 02 - 10%; Exercise 03 - 10%; Exercise 04 - 10% Lighting: Individual Exercise - 10%; Final group exercise - 30% Continuous assessment - 20%
Weston, Cris, The Essential Lighting, manual for digital and film photographers, Rotovision, 2004, Brighton, UK
Adams, Ansel, The Zone System: A Câmera, O negativo, A Cópia, Editora Senac-São Paulo, 2000
Langford, Michael,Fotografia Básica (5 ª Edição Revista e Aumentada), Dinalivro/Focal Press, 2003
Barthes, Roland, A Câmara Clara, Edições 70, Lisboa, 1981
Hunter, Fil, Light: Science and Magic: An Introduction to Photographic Lighting, Focal Press; 3rd edition (March 21, 2007)
Shore, Stephen: The Nature of Photographs; Phaidon Press; 2007
Kadinsky, Wassily, Ponto Linha Plano, Lisboa, Edições 70, 2002
Arnheim, Rudolf, Arte e Percepção Visual, Pioneira / Thomson Learning, São Paulo 2004
Robinson, H. (1869).Pictorial Effect In Photography: Being Hints On Com- position And Chiaroscuro For Photographers. London: Piper & Carter.