Motor Development and Adaptation
Part of this Programme
Physical Education and Sport
Level of Qualification|Semesters|ECTS
Bachelor | Anual | 7
Year | Type of course unit | Language
1 |Mandatory |Português
Total of Working Hours | Duration of Contact (hours)
175 | 75
Recommended complementary curricular units
Prerequisites and co-requisites
1. General concepts of development. Motor development, growth, maturation, learning and adaptation. 2. Factors that influence development. Prenatal, perinatal, and postnatal factors. 3. Theories of information processing. 4. Phases of motor development. Phase of reflexive movements, rudimentary, fundamental and specialized. Prenatal development and skills of the newborn. 5. General guidelines for the development of locomotion. Cephalo-caudal development. Hold development guidelines. Proximal-distal development. Motor development and interactive contingency. 6. The development of motor skills. Balance, coordination, speed, agility and rhythm. Tonicity, balance and control of intentional activity. 7. Scales of development. Evaluation tools. Tests referenced to standards and criteria. 8. Classic and modern game theories. The development of play activity.
It is intended to provide trainees with a broad and, as far as possible, comprehensive approach to the development problem, because, as research itself suggests, more attention should be paid to and encourage studies on interdependencies between different domains of development (motor, cognitive, affective, social). Focusing the study on the motor development of the child, as this development provides better and more autonomous forms of adaptation to the physical and social world, we do not ignore the crossing of this dimension with the other areas of development. While not ignoring a historical perspective on the main approaches to motor development and learning, we focus attention on the latest theories, namely the constructivist and ecological ones, in order to give the students a first confrontation with the reasoned selection of motor activities that in different ages are best suited to developmental needs
Knowledge, abilities and skills to be acquired
Skills to be developed: 1. Know, in its fundamental components, the process of motor development and adaptation, integrating it into a general conception of human development. 2. To analyze the process of development and motor adaptation with respect to: Explanatory theories and models of Human development; Variables that influence it; Stages and stages of development; Perceptual-motor, psycho-motor and socio-motor development. 3. Understand the hypotheses under study and the areas of application of this knowledge domain. 4. To master a set of motor development observation and evaluation techniques.
Teaching methodologies and assessment
The Unit is organized on the basis of the intersection between theoretical and theoretical-practical classes. The master classes will have a fundamentally expositive character, with systematic use of audiovisual materials. The theoretical-practical classes will be organized around active methodologies, based on the work materials provided by the teacher. There will be situations of debate, discussion, reflection and critical analysis, among the trainees in the context of group work. It gives equal importance to the critical analysis of video images provided by the teacher and to the observation and recording of video images to be collected by the trainees Parameters of evaluation: Attendance, Participation and Interpersonal Relationships 15% Oral presentation of master classes 10% Portfolio 10% Frequencies 45% Group work 20% In order to support the oral presentations, groups can support themselves in the powerpoints made. In this case the powerpoints should be included in the portfolio and will be
Araújo, D., Ripoll, H., & Raab, M. (Eds.). (2009). Perspectives on Cognition and Action in Sport: Nova Publishers.
Gallahue, D. & Ozmun, J. (2005) Compreendendo o Desenvolvimento Motor: bebes, crianças, adolescentes e adultos. São Paulo: Phorte Editora, Lda.
Hopkins, B. (2005). What is ontogenetic development? In Cambridge Encyclopaedia of Child Development, Brian Hopkins e alt. (Eds.), Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Leitão, F. (2009). Desenvolvimento e Adaptação Motora. Salamanca: Luso-Espanõla de Ediciones.
Malina, R. & Bouchard, C. (2004) Growth, Maturation, and Physical Activity. Champaign, Illinois: Human Kinetics Books.
Piek, J.P. (2006). Infant Motor Development. Champaign, IL: Human Kinetics.