Introduction to Law
Part of this Programme
Level of Qualification|Semesters|ECTS
Bachelor | Semestral | 4
Year | Type of course unit | Language
1 |Mandatory |Português
Total of Working Hours | Duration of Contact (hours)
100 | 45
Recommended complementary curricular units
Prerequisites and co-requisites
1. Introduction 1. Legal order and Law 2. The legal order as a normative order 3. Other non-normative legal orders 4. The characteristics that make the legal order a normative order 5. Legal order and State 2. Sources of law 1. Technical-legal notion of sources of law 2. The law. Notion 3. The custom. Concept 4. Case-law. Notion 5. Uses. Notion 6. The doctrine. Notion 3. Non-Normative Procedures for Obtaining the Law 4. The Rules of Law 1. Branch of Law. Notion 2. Private law and public law. Distinction criteria 3. Branches of trunk law and autonomous branches. Criteria for the autonomization of a branch of Law 4. Main branches of Civil Law
The curricular unit of Introduction to Law aims to provide training in basic subjects of Law Theory, Methodology of Law and Philosophy of Law. In his lecture, theoretical-practical, it seeks to develop and perfect in the student the faculties of analysis, abstraction and concretization that are proper to the legal reasoning in the resolution of concrete cases with legal relevance. The objective of the Curricular Unit is pursued through the treatment of subjects that are important for a reflection on the legal order and sources of law. The methodological aspects related to the interpretation of the sources of law and to the application of legal rules are considered, and some elements are mentioned about the values and legitimacy of the law.
Knowledge, abilities and skills to be acquired
Competences: (1) To help students to understand, interpret and apply legal norms in specific cases and to determine the legal consequences of the behaviors in question, in a broad view of the legal phenomenon between private entities; (2) prepare students to perform various legal functions in governing bodies, multinationals and supra and transnational organizations, mainly within the framework of the European Union and the Member States of the CPLP.
Teaching methodologies and assessment
The study of law calls for reflection and understanding. Knowing Law is much more than knowing a catalog of laws and is being able to perceive the content of any source of law, being able to extract from it legal rules applicable to the resolution of concrete cases. Teaching is taught in a classroom environment, through theoretical-practical classes for a total of five hours, where by means of the direct expository method or by technology-based presentations, it is intended to convey the subjects included in the program. In all classes are distributed texts and practical cases, which will be the material of technical analysis for the elaboration of alternative hypotheses to solve the issues raised. The evaluation is carried out through the work carried out by the students in the classroom, by means of continuous evaluation of the work and the resolution of practical cases, as well as two tests previously defined with the students, according to the Evaluation Regulation of the University
Amaral, D.F. (2009). Manual de Introdução ao Direito. Coimbra: Almedina.
Ascensão, J.O. (2005). O Direito. Introdução e Teoria Geral. Coimbra: Almedina.
Engisch, K. (2001). Introdução ao Pensamento Jurídico. Lisboa: FCG.
Gameiro, A.; Januário, R. (2013). Introdução ao Direito e Teoria Geral. Vol. I. Lisboa: Edições Cosmos.
Larenz, Karl (1997). Metodologia da Ciência do Direito. Lisboa: FCG.