Class Introduction to Architectural Theory and History II

  • Presentation


    The contents refer to the knowledge of Western architecture from 1760 to 1960 ¿ from Neoclassism to the revision of the Modern Movement ¿ through the presentation of iconic buildings, which serve as reference to the erudite repertoire that architecture students should know, composed of six Thematic Criteria (see Table I): 1- Parks, Gardens and Cemeteries, 2- Industrial Architecture, 3- Ephemeral Architecture, 4- Individual Housing, 5- Community and Collective Housing, 6- Higher Education Schools, 7- Chapels and Churches. The theoretical component is based on an introductory approach to the aesthetic movements andtheories that accompany each work, and the understanding of their conceptual aspects that manifest: 1-in the implantation, composition, form, function, light, color and physical characteristics; 2- in scale, dimensions, proportions, floor articulation, circulation, as well as space attributes - wide / small, transparent / opaque, open / closed, compressed or expanding.

  • Code


  • Syllabus


    The topics covered in the lectures refer to the architecture of the West, between 1760 and 1960, a period that roughly follows the História da Arte Ocidental, 1780-1980, [ History of Western Art, 1780-1980], by José-Augusto França (1987) ¿ which appears in the bibliography ¿ going back about two decades, at the beginning and at the end: marked, at the beginning, by Neoclassicism and immediate convulsions of the French Revolution, ending with the critical revision of the Modern Movement. As regards Portugal, it is framed between two important events: the 1755 Lisbon Earthquake and the Portuguese Regional Architecture Survey, 1955-1961. The repertoire presented in Table I of the Thematic Criteria includes 36 reference works of this period, however, it is fundamentally composed by buildings built in the transition from the nineteenth to the twentieth century, and buildings from the first half of the twentieth century.

  • Objectives


    The curricular unit is presented as a second approach to the disciplinary foundations of architecture, with the following objectives: 1- Familiarize students with the most relevant production that structures the history of architecture; 2- Understand the conditions that gave rise to the iconic works of the period under study; 3- Identify the values ¿¿that each work presents in order to overcome the previously existing conditions; 4- Create a comparative analytical and critical system of works; 5- Develop methods for deepening the themes dealt with in three aspects: 5.1- Contribute to the student's formative enrichment, while helping to build an individual repertoire to support the practice of architecture; 5.2- Contribute to the formative enrichment of experimentation of research and investigation methods; 5.3- Contribute to the selection of criteria for the architecture criticism, in order to avoid the subjectivity and discretion of the assessment

  • Teaching methodologies and assessment

    Teaching methodologies and assessment

    The curricular unit presents theoretical classes that focus on seven Thematic Criteria and which are essentially expository, seeking to comply with statements provided in the program, using the available means. The practical classes focus on the comparative deepening of the case studies.


    Rating criteria:


    A - Individual written work (dossier A4) on a Thematic Criterion with (max. 8 pages), presented in Pdf: (A)= 40%.

    B - Preparation of a group monograph, for interpretation and comparison of two or four Thematic Criteria, presented in A4 format (max. 20/30 pages); E- Panel summary of group work on paper, A1 and Pdf format: (B)= 40%.

    C - Individual participation in Discussion Groups; Attendance, self-criticism, participation, collaboration, convergence effort, team spirit: (C)=20%.

  • References


    BENEVOLO, Leonardo - História de la Arquitectura Moderna , Editorial Gustavo Gili, S.A. Barcelona, 1974, 5ª edição ampliada 1982, ISBN: 84-252-0797-5.

    FRANÇA, José-Augusto - História da Arte Ocidental , 1780-1980, Livros Horizonte, Lisboa, 1988.

    SIMITCH, Andrea; WARKE, Val - The Language of Architecture: 26 principles Every Architect Should Know , Rockport Publishers, Beverly, MA, 2014.

    SOLÀ-MORALES, Ignasi et alii - Introducción a la arquitectura: Conceptos fundamentales, Ediciones UPC, Barcelona, 2000.

    UNWIN, Simon - Twenty-Five Buildings Every Architect Should Understand, Routledge, Londres, 2015.

    VEN, Cornelis van de - El Espaco en Arquitectura , Ediciones Cátedra, S. A Madrid, 1981.


  • Office Hours

    Office Hours

    Nome do docente  

    Horário de atendimento


    Maria Luísa Paiva de Sequeira

    Segunda feira das 14.00 às 15.00H








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