Class History of Portuguese Architecture II

  • Presentation


    The curricular unit of History of Portuguese Architecture II focuses on the critical analysis of the role of architecture and urbanism in the transformation of the national territory, in response to the broad issues of modernity and postmodernity. We seek to understand the transformations in Portuguese society, in their relationship with the international context, and the role that architects and urban planners played in responding to architectural, urban and territorial challenges. This understanding of modern and contemporary Portuguese architecture is structured based on its determining historical moments, summoning the main figures and works that mark these transformations. The knowledge acquired in this unit makes it possible to bring students closer to the Portuguese reality and its more specific issues, in the continuity of the History of Architecture courses with an international scope from the previous stage of the Bachelor.

  • Code


  • Syllabus


    1. Portuguese architecture between the national and international contexts.

    2. Modern post-war plans. The 1948 Congress and the affirmation of collective housing.

    3. The synthesis between modernity and tradition. The Popular Architecture Survey and the question of continuity.

    4. Action in the revolutionary period. The SAAL program and the experience of participation.

    5. The postmodern debate. The split between the schools of Lisbon and Porto facing the consumer society.

    6. The affirmation of Portuguese architecture. The internationalization of disciplinary culture in the context of the European community.

  • Objectives


    The curricular unit of History of Portuguese Architecture II aims to give a critical perspective of national architecture in modernity and post-modernity. The objective is to cross the knowledge already acquired from the history of international architecture with the history of Portuguese architecture. It is intended that students acquire knowledge about the main Portuguese architects and urban planners and about the reference works of architecture and urbanism in national territory. It is sought in the unit that students relate the architectural and urban production with the theoretical approaches of architects, establishing the links between the fields of the profession and the discipline. Finally, as the national territory is the most direct field of action for future architects, the fundamental knowledge about Portuguese architecture and urbanism becomes instrumental in responding to the challenges that arise in this connection between society and discipline.

  • Teaching methodologies and assessment

    Teaching methodologies and assessment

    Classes will consist mainly of three complementary strands. On the one hand, expository sessions will be held by the teacher of the subjects of the course, duly accompanied by audiovisual material. On the other hand, readings of fundamental texts will be carried out with the students of the theoretical themes under study, in order to promote the collective critical debate. Finally, the development of the students' work will be monitored throughout the semester, through discussion and guidance with the teacher. The evaluation of this curricular unit consists of three aspects: 1. Individual or group elaboration of a research dossier on a case study, validated by the teacher (40%) 2. Individual or group work on the case study to be delivered and present at the end of the semester (50%). ; 3. Attendance and Participation (10%).

  • References


    • AAVV. - "Portugal Ano II", Architecture d'Aujourd'Hui, nº 185, Paris, 1976.
    • AGAREZ, Ricardo (ed.) - Habitação: Cem Anos de Políticas Públicas em Portugal 1918-2018. Lisboa: Instituto da Habitação e da Reabilitação Urbana, 2018.
    • FIGUEIRA, Jorge; NUNES, Jorge; MILHEIRO, Ana Vaz; DIAS, Manuel Graça (eds.). J.A.: Antologia 1981-2004, Jornal Arquitectos, nº 218-219, 2005.
    • RODRIGUES, José Manuel (ed.) - Teoria e Crítica de Arquitectura: Século XX. Lisboa / Casal de Cambra: Ordem dos Arquitectos / Caleidoscópio, 2010.
    • TOSTÕES, Ana; BECKER, Annette; WANG, Wilfried (eds.) - Portugal: Arquitectura do Século XX. Munchen-New York / Frankfurt am Main / Lisboa: Prestel / Deutsches Architektur-Museum / Portugal-Frankfurt 97 / Centro Cultural de Belém, 1997.


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