Research and Innovation Methodologies
Part of this Programme
Informatics - New Media and Pervasive Systems
Level of Qualification|Semesters|ECTS
Doctorate | Semestral | 10
Year | Type of course unit | Language
1 |Mandatory |Português
Total of Working Hours | Duration of Contact (hours)
250 | 30
Recommended complementary curricular units
Prerequisites and co-requisites
I: Principals of Research in Informatics Sciences. Selection methods for research topics, as well as research process/cycles based both on critical and on creative thinking approaches.
II: Critical analysis of related literature. Critical thinking; planning and implementation of literature research; ethics in science.
III: Research Methodology Approaches. Research design; results gathering and verification; research philosophy.
IV: Tools and Methodology for Analysis and for Validation. Statistics tools; simulators and emulators; test beds/testing environments. Students are provided with knowledge concerning research methodology and which tools are the most adequate to each phase of the research process
V: Results¿Dissemination. Content organization; writing and edition rules; dissemination scope and types of events; rules associated to the dissemination and to the presentation of quality results
The unit main purpose is to assist in the development of critical thinking and of scientific methodology adequate to the development of the doctoral programme, as well as to provide skills concerning quantitative and qualitative methods for both research and analysis. The unit considers both theoretical and practical aspects related to triggering a research process; how to best analyze and select research themes; analysis and validation methodology where students shall obtain knowledge concerning adequate statistical tools, e.g.: i) numerical measures (quantitative methods) to test hypothesis and to validate concepts; ii) consider analytical, non-experimental procedures, non-experimental, where resulting quality is derived from selected assumptions and requirements and where the analysis is supported by an adequate case selection; iii) tools to support validation and experimentation in the field of Informatics Sciences
Knowledge, abilities and skills to be acquired
Students shall acquire the following skills:
. Better understanding of the international research environment in Informatics Sciences, and how this context influences not only scientific knowledge, but also the development of opportunities in industry.
. To understand the need to ensure ethics in the development of science/scientific results, and also in the gathering of results.
. To be capable of critically analyzing related work.
. To understand both systhemic and methodological approaches to a research process, as well as the different phases a research project comprises (problem selection; applicability analysis; critical analysis of related work; methods to gather results; quantitative and qualitative methods, both for analysis and validation of results.
.To understand and to be capable of adequately presenting and disseminating results
Teaching methodologies and assessment
This UC is based on a strong practical component, which comprises the development of a workshop by the students as well as of the development of a scientific position paper concerning a theme to be proposed by the student.
The workshop organization shall follow regular procedures, including a revision process by peers ¿ the teaching staff of the PhD. In order to also ensure a continuous evaluation, each of the mentioned parts shall be evaluated based on a multiple-choice questionnaire.
The UC evaluation is divided as follows:
. 10% concerning the continuous evaluation of the student, comprising also participation and interest shown by the student.
. 30% concerning multiple-choice questionnaires.
. 30% concerning paper and workshop to be developed.
. 30% concerning the analysis of related work and the dissemination/presentation of the developed position paper.
. The Elements of Style¿. William Strunk Jr. and E.B. White. Macmillan Publishing Co., New York, 1979.
. A Handbook for Scholars¿, Mary Claire van Leunen, Oxford University Press, USA, February, 1992, ISBN: 0195069544.
. S. Dasgupta (2008), Creativity in Invention and Design, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press
. R. Sawyer (2006) Explaining Creativity: The Science of Human Innovation, Oxford: Oxford University Press
. J. W. Creswell (2009). Research Design: Qualitative, Quantitative, and Mixed Methods Approaches, Sage Publications
. A. Berger (2000). Media and communication research methods: An introduction to qualitative and quantitative approaches. Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage.
. J.W. Cresswell (2002). Research design: Qualitative and quantitative approaches (2nd ed.). Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage
. A. Baily (1996). A guide to field research. Thousand Oaks, CA: Pine Forge Press