Class Geographic Information Systems

  • Presentation


    Geospatial information is fundamental to the development of the activity of a civil protection engineer. In this context, it is intended that competences in this area of knowledge, geographic information systems, with regard to the acquisition, creation, manipulation, storage of geographic data be acquired, and may be applicable to various areas of intervention such as land use, land management. water resources, infrastructure management, terrain analysis, territory planning, natural and anthropogenic risk management, among others.

  • Code


  • Syllabus


    1. Introduction to GIS: a) Fundamental concepts; b) Geographic information structure; c) History and main fields of application (Civil Protection examples); d) Resources and data/information sources;
    2. Software QGIS - structure and main applications; naming rules, forms of organization / management information.
    3. GIS data models: Vector, Raster and Tabular.
    4. Creation, acquisition and editing data/information; Topological and non-topological models; Geographical databases;
    5. Coordinate systems in GIS environment (QGIS); Georeferencing;
    6. Tabular data manipulation (selection by attribute, selection by location, join and relate, calculation and statistical analysis indicators);
    7. Geoprocessing (Clip, Dissolve, Merge, Buffer, Intersect, Append);
    8. GPS - Evolution and current systems. Global positioning system;
    9. Raster operations; Interpolation;
    10. Surfaces Analysis; Spatial/Matrix algebra;
    11. Symbols and representation methods.
  • Objectives


    The aim of the Curricular Unit is understanding the concept of Geographic Information System (GIS), recognizing the several types of spatial data structures and treatment inherent to each type.

    Since in GIS the relationship between the processes information are fundamental, will be given special attention to georeferencing process (coordinate systems ¿ global and national). The creation of data models, geodatabases, the construction projects in QGIS and exploitation of its potential in terms of functionality relationship, index calculation and handle are other goals.

    It will also be given attention to the final presentation of maps produced from the design of layouts.

    At the end of the Curricular Unit the student must have the ability to use the basic functions of a GIS and design a project in GIS environment, finding solutions to problems encountered in its implementation.

  • Teaching methodologies and assessment

    Teaching methodologies and assessment

    Students will be encouraged to use computer tools to develop the work to be prepared.
    Teaching will be participatory among everyone, but the teacher will be available weekly for a personalized time for questions.
    The Moodle platform will be used to make study material available.
  • References


    1. SILVA, Ana; PONTE, Cristina; TABORDA, Rui; CATALÃO, Joao; AMORIM, Alexandra. (2016). Sistemas de Informação Geográfica: Análise Espacial. 
    2. BURROUGH, P.A. et al. (2015) - Principles of Geographical Information Systems, 3rd Edition. Oxford: Oxford University Press, ISBN 978-0-19-874284-5.
    3. COSME, A. (2012) - Projeto em Sistemas de Informação Geográfica. Lisboa, Lidel.
    4. GASPAR, J. (2000) - Cartas e Projeções cartográficas, Lidel Edições Técnicas, Lisboa
    5. MATOS, J. L., (2016) - Fundamentos de Informação Geográfica. LIDEL, 6ª Edição ¿ Atualizada e Aumentada, Lisboa, ISBN: 9789727575145.
    6. PANDEY, J.; PATHAK, D. (2014). Geographic Information system, Teri, ISBN: 978-81-7993-537-8
    7. HUANG, B. (2018). Comprehensive Geographic Information System, Elsevier, ISBN: 978-0-12-804660-9
    8. ALBANO, R. & SOLE, A. (2018). Geospatial Methods and Tools for Natural Risk Management and Communications, ISPRS Int. J. Geo-Inf. 7, 470; doi:10.3390/ijgi7120470


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