Class Research Methodologies in Cognitive Science and Education

  • Presentation


    This curricular unit aims to develop students' understanding of the basic principles and structuring concepts that underlie research methodologies and techniques in Cognitive Science and Education. The students will be able to develop the following competencies: 1) review texts that employ research approaches and methods epistemologically different; 2) prepare a research question and its research design; 3) recognize the diversity of research methods and techniques and relate them to the research questions in the field of learning in the school context; 4) engage critically in issues of ethics, validity, and reliability in relation to the research to be developed; 5) make decisions regarding research needs, namely in the scope of the development of a research project.

  • Code


  • Syllabus


    I. Science and Communication

    Educational Sciences and scientific communication

    Textual production of scientific writing

    Scientific writing rules


    II. Construction of scientific knowledge

    From common sense to scientific knowledge - phases of a process

    Typologies of research models

    Quantitative/qualitative/mixed approaches


    III. Research planning

    Construction of a research problem in education: from theme to problem

    Delimitation of the empirical field, strategy, and observation plan

    Concepts, dimensions, and categories of analysis

    Data collection instruments and empirical information

    Analysis and systematization of data and empirical information


    IV. Key elements of ethical research

    The researcher's relationship with participants

    The researcher's relationship with the knowledge

    The researcher's relationship with the Society

    The researcher's relationship with the community of researchers

    The researcher's relationship with the research financing institutions

  • Objectives


    • To understand the processes of scientific knowledge production
    • Discover the steps of the process of constructing a scientific research
    • Develop critical sense in the reading and discussion of scientific papers
    • Be able to define problems and research objects in the Education field by formulating your starting question
    • Define general and specific objectives in a concise and objective manner
    • Find appropriate methodologies for the proposed research objects
    • Develop an autonomous research project in the selected field
    • Be able to conduct your research in order to ensure the reliability of the instruments and the validity of the research
    • Be able to apply the appropriate data analysis techniques to the data collected
    • Know how to elaborate a report of scientific research, with the proper representation of all constituent parts, including bibliographical references and citations
  • Teaching methodologies and assessment

    Teaching methodologies and assessment

    In the course of the curricular unit, the use of active teaching methodologies is favoured in order to provide significant learning in students: a) exposure and debates based on questions or guiding texts, b) individual and group analysis of guiding texts, c) writing of small scientific texts and their peer review and d) presentation and review of guiding texts.

  • References


    Bloor, M., & Wood, F. (2006). Keywords in qualitative methods: a vocabulary of research concepts. Sage

    Brooks, R., Riele, K., & Maguire, M. (2014). Ethics and education research. SAGE.

    Chevrier, J. (2003). A especificação da problemática. In B. Gauthier (dir), Investigação Social -da problemática à colheita de dados (3ª ed) (pp.65-98). Lusodidática

    Cohen, L., Manion, L., & Morrison, K. (2017). Research methods in education (8th Ed.). Routledge

    Estrela, E., Soares, M. A., & Leitão, M. J. (2015). Saber escrever: uma tese e outros textos (11ª ed.). D. Quixote

    Foddy, W. (1996). Como perguntar? Teoria e prática da construção de perguntas em entrevistas e questionários. Celta Editora

    Santos, B. de S. (1988). Um discurso sobre as Ciências . Afrontamento

    Tomasi, C., & Medeiros, J. B. (2008). Comunicação científica: normas técnicas para redacção científica (1ª ed.). Atlas

    Coutinho, C. P. (2018). Metodologia de Investigação em Ciências Sociais e Humanas. Almedina

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