Class Metodologias de investigação I

  • Presentation


    The main objective of this course is to provide knowledge and skills for planning, designing, carrying out and presenting (writing) a research work in the field of communication studies.
    The main approaches, steps, activities, methodologies and techniques used to develop a research work will be presented.
    The focus of the course will be on the initial stages of the research process, namely, defining the topic of the study, identifying a problem through mapping the state of the art, formulating research questions, and identifying scientific contributions to the communication and media studies fields. In terms of data collection methods and techniques, the focus will be on qualitative research.
    This course will be complemented with the Research Methodologies II curricular unit, which will continue the active learning of the subsequent stages of the research process and will focus on quantitative research methods and techniques.

  • Code


  • Syllabus


    The syllabus is constituted by the following contents ( C ) : 

    C1. Introduction to Research
    Research in communication studies;
    Disciplinary research traditions, epistemologies and methodologies;
    The stages of the research process

    Planning the research process within the doctoral research and the writing of the doctoral project proposal
    AI in R&D


    C2. The research design
    The research topic
    The research problem
    The research questions


    C3. Literature review

    Types of literature review

    Bibliographic research (search databases and strategies)
    Citating and referencing (APA and others) and reference management softwares
    Critical reading and note-taking systems


    C4. Qualitative methods
    Discussion groups (Focus Group)
    Observation and ethnographic method
    Documentary research
    Content analysis
    Arts-based research (ABR) and the filmEU research program


    C5. Science Dissemination and communication
    Writing an academic article
    Science communication

  • Objectives


    At the end of the Curricular Unit (CU), students will have achieved the following Learning Outcomes (LO):
    Describe the research process, identifying and explaining its main stages and activities (LO1);
    Describe the main methods and techniques for collecting qualitative data, identify their potential, limitations, and ethical issues (LO2);
    Analyze and discuss a scientific article (LO3);
    Understand and critically evaluate the potential and risk of AI in the context of R&D work (LO4);
    Define and explain research interests, operationalizing them into specific topics, problems, and research questions (LO5);
    Develop (select, design, explain, justify and write) the initial stages of a research proposal, that fits the scope of the doctoral research to be carried out (LO6).

    At the end of the CU, students will have developed the following transversal skills: Critical thinking;  Analysis and Problem-solving skills; (oral and written) communication skills; Research & Information Management skills.

  • Teaching methodologies and assessment

    Teaching methodologies and assessment

    To achieve the goals of this Curricular Unit, the contents will be taught in a theoretical-practical format, alternating between lectures, as well as demonstrative and participatory learning-teaching methods.

    Students must engage in the reading and discussion of recommended articles and chapters, in the exercises proposed in the classroom, as well as in the critical debates on the research projects to be designed.

    The assessment will be individual, using two assessment tools: a critical review of a scientific article (50%) and the writing and presentation of a pre-proposal for the doctoral research project, focusing on the initial research stages (50%).

  • References


    Bertrand, I., & Hughes, P. (2017). Media Research Methods: Audiences, Institutions, Texts (2nd ed). Springer.
    Creswell, J. W., & Creswell, J. D. (2022). Research Design: Qualitative, Quantitative, and Mixed Methods Approaches (Sixth edition). SAGE
    Flick, U. (2020). Introducing Research Methodology: Thinking Your Way Through Your Research Project. SAGE.
    Jensen, K. B. (Ed.). (2021). A handbook of media and communication research: Qualitative and quantitative methodologies (3rd edition). Routledge. 
    Kumar, R. (2018). Research Methodology: A Step-by-Step Guide for Beginners. SAGE.
    Lindlof, T. R., & Taylor, B. C. (2019). Qualitative communication research methods (4th ed). SAGE.
    Swann, P. (2021). The illustrated guide to the content analysis research project. Routledge, Taylor & Francis.
    Treadwell, D. F., & Davis, A. (2020). Introducing communication research: Paths of inquiry (4th edition). SAGE.

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